The Valence Illusion

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dc.contributor.advisor Hütter, Mandy (Prof. Dr.) Tigges, David 2019-05-21T10:27:36Z 2019-05-21T10:27:36Z 2019-05-21
dc.identifier.other 166603486X de_DE
dc.identifier.uri de_DE
dc.description.abstract The valence illusion hypothesis is developed and states that valence acts as superordinate dimension in impression formation. Valence biases the judgment of perceived characteristics of other human beings. Evaluative Conditioning (EC) is a procedure to isolate and manipulate valence directly and was used in seven experiments to produce desired valence effects. Three experiments were devoted to the question whether EC procedures can account for valence effects in impression formation. Photographs of persons were conditioned with either positive or negative valence. Altering the photographed persons slightly (e.g., adding glasses) after the conditioning phase simulated everyday change in appearance of human beings. Four additional experiments investigated the proposed role of valence in impression formation. In the evaluative rating phase, participants were asked to rate the portrayed persons on a total of ten different characteristics, all of them belonging to the big two of impression formation, agency and communion. Evaluative Conditioning affected valence ratings on altered photographs, and valence did influence the perceived characteristics of photographed human individuals on all tested characteristics. Furthermore, the size of the valence effect can be predicted by the conceptual similarity of one characteristics to likability. Implications and avenues of future research are discussed. en
dc.language.iso en de_DE
dc.publisher Universität Tübingen de_DE
dc.rights ubt-podok de_DE
dc.rights.uri de_DE
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject.classification Soziale Wahrnehmung de_DE
dc.subject.ddc 150 de_DE
dc.subject.other Social Cognition en
dc.subject.other Impression Formation en
dc.subject.other Kognitive Illusionen de_DE
dc.subject.other Cognitive Illusions en
dc.subject.other Verzerrungen de_DE
dc.subject.other Bias en
dc.subject.other Evaluative Conditioning en
dc.subject.other Evaluatives Konditionieren de_DE
dc.subject.other Soziale Kognition de_DE
dc.subject.other Eindrucksbildung de_DE
dc.title The Valence Illusion en
dc.type PhDThesis de_DE
dcterms.dateAccepted 2018-12-20
utue.publikation.fachbereich Psychologie de_DE
utue.publikation.fakultaet 7 Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät de_DE


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